Proper Procedures in Removing a Tree
The process of removing a tree should be taken with considerations of the following: if the tree lies on or near a property line, communication with the parties concerned should first be worked out to prevent any disputes or legal actions; if there are state laws prohibiting the removal of trees, consultation with a lawyer should make clear on the law regulations; if the tree interferes with a utility line, you should get in touch with the utility company to inform them on the situation; however, you should never act immediately in removing a tree without first determining a valid reason why it has to be removed, therefore, the following are valid grounds for removing a tree – the tree is dead or dying and must be removed for health, safety and aesthetic reasons; the location of the tree intervenes with other trees, buildings, driveways or utility wires.
When you have settled with your neighbor and with the local government, through its environmental agency, with respect to the removal of a tree in your area, it is always advisable that you leave this job into the hands of a professional, an arborist; however, it is also suggested that you do some research to learn and understand the process of removing a tree. Arborists have the skills, training and equipment to safely and efficiently remove trees, since tree removal is dangerous, as well as they help determine whether or not a tree should be removed.
The first step that an arborist should do is to check the surrounding area for obstacles that may be in the way, such as another tree, fence, overhead wires, car or car garage, neighbor’s garden, etc., before starting with the tree removal process.
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For the second step, determining the best direction where the tree should fall, which should be at its natural angle of its growth, should be worked out by the arborist and, at the same time, should also further check the following: safety hazards near the tree, like dead or hanging branches; the trunk of the tree for open wounds, as these wounds are indicators if the center of the tree is hollow or is deteriorated.
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As soon as the initial work has been accomplished, the arborist goes through the actual process of cutting and felling of the tree and these are: undercut, which is a V-shaped notch cut, at 90 degrees, into the side of the tree, and should be done at about one-fourth of the tree’s diameter in depth; backcut, which is done 2 inches higher than the hinge part of the undercut and at the opposite side the undercut.
The next step, once the tree has fallen, is called the limbing method, which refers to the removing of the branches at the bottom of the tree, working the way to the top and, after completely removing all the branches, you are left with a bare log, of which this can be further cut or chain saw into small pieces to serve as firewood, while the cut branches are bundled together for disposal.